Phonology of the Orma Language

Statement of Responsibility:
Hoskins, Dale R.
Authors:
Series Issue:
2011-007
Date:
2011
Date Created:
2010
Publisher:
SIL International
Publisher Place:
Dallas, Texas
Part Of Series:
SIL Electronic Working Papers 2011-007
Extent:
39 pages
Abstract:
This study describes the phonology of the Orma language. Orma is a member of the Oromo language cluster, which belongs to the East-Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family. The Orma language is spoken by at least 69,000 Orma people. Most of them live in the Tana River district of Kenya’s Coast province. Orma has a five-vowel system, each of which may be long, short, or voiceless. Voiceless vowels only occur word-final. There are four syllable patterns permitted in Orma: V, VC, CV, and CVC. These are clearly seen in the orthography since the Orma community leaders chose to avoid digraphs. Orma morphophonemics is rather complex. Suffixation described includes verb inflectional and derivational suffixes and certain case endings. Prefixation described includes reduplication and the use of common bound morphemes. Orma has tone, but its functional load is minimal and not marked in the orthography.
Publication Status:
Published
Country:
Kenya
Subject Languages:
Content Language:
Field:
Work Type:
Subject:
Cushitic languages
Orma
Oromo languages
phonologically-based grammatical gender
Phonology
Reduplication
Nature of Work:
Entry Number:
42000