On grammaticalization of motion verbs in Paiwan

Authors:
Date:
2008
Sponsored By:
China Foundation
Part Of Series:
Studies in Philippine Languages and Cultures; Volume 18 (2008); pp. 65-107
Extent:
pages 65-107
Abstract:
This paper aims to show the grammaticalization patterns of two pairs of motion verbs in Paiwan. First the causative motion verb 'pasa' grammaticalized as: self-propelled motion verb > abstract motion verb > irrealis clitic > scale-measure prefix. Second, the self-propelled motion verb 'sa' also has shifted as: instrument verb > desire clitic > quality prefix. Third, the causative motion verb 'paka' has the path: causative motion verb > self-propelled motion verb > causative instrument verb > instrument verb. Fourth, the self-propelled motion verb 'maka' grammaticalized as: time-spanning and event completion verb > ability verb. Fifth, the verbal root 'ka' has the path: comitative coordinator > past time particle > past time prefix. We argue that the prefix 'pa-' 'cause' was grammaticalized as a motion marker in Paiwan. Moreover, we also argue that grammaticalization patterns are motivated by the reanalysis and analogy mechanisms and the metaphor and metonymy factors.
Publication Status:
Published
Country:
Taiwan
Subject Languages:
Content Language:
Field:
Work Type:
Nature of Work:
Entry Number:
42072