Laarim (loh) Tone

Statement of Responsibility:
Stirtz, Timothy M.
Series Issue:
2011-012
Date:
2011
Publisher:
SIL International
Publisher Place:
Dallas, Texas
Part Of Series:
SIL Electronic Working Papers 2011-012
Extent:
91 pages
Abstract:
Laarim, a Nilo-Saharan Surmic language, has High and Low level tone and the tone-bearing unit is the syllable. The purpose of this research was to determine the need for orthographic marking of tone distinctions. There are five contrastive tone melodies in noun roots and three in verb roots. Laarim is morphologically rich, having many suffixes in both noun and verb morphology. On these affixes, there is a wide range of tone types, including three tone melodies, five replacement tone melodies, and no underlying tone. In addition, five different suffixes have polar tone, where the surface tone is opposite the stem-final tone. Although the lexical functional load of tone is low and minimal pairs are extremely rare, there is considerable grammatical tone. About 50% of noun roots can be marked for nominative case only by tone. About 20% of verbs distinguish second and third singular persons only by tone.
Publication Status:
Published
Country:
Sudan
Subject Languages:
Content Language:
Field:
Work Type:
Subject:
verb paradigm
Tone
Sudan
replacement tone
polar tone
plural formation
Orthography
Laarim
Case
Nature of Work:
Entry Number:
42939
Files:
AttachmentSize
silewp2011_012.pdf1.81 MB