Echizinza Orthography Statement

Editors:
Other Contributors:
Date:
2011
Extent:
24 pages
Abstract:
revised version of a previously published first (2002) and second (edition) of the Zinza Orthography Statement, due to various orthography changes since 1995
Publication Status:
Draft (posted 'as is' without peer review)
Table of Contents:
1 Introduction.......3 1.1 History of Work in Zinza.......3 1.2 Zinza Orthography and Literacy .......4 2 Alphabet ........5 3 Consonants ........5 3.1 Consonant Chart .....5 3.2 Plain Consonants ........6 3.3 Prenasalization........6 3.4 Labialization and Palatalization .....7 4 Vowels ........7 4.1 Vowel Chart ........7 4.2 Vowel Length......7 4.2.1 Word-Initial Long Vowels.......8 4.3 Long Final Vowels......9 4.4 Vowel Length Harmony .....9 5 Tone........9 5.1 Necessity of writing tone........9 5.2 Writing Tone.........11 5.2.1 Low Tone.........11 5.2.2 High Tone ........11 5.2.3 Falling Tone.........11 5.2.4 Rising Tone......11 5.3 Rules for Writing Tone .....11 6 Word Junctures ......12 6.1 Word Junctures: affected vowels ......12 6.2 Associative Constructions .......13 6.3 Constructions with the Conjunction 'na'.......14 6.3.1 The Conjunction ‘na’ and personal pronouns......144 6.3.2 The Conjunction ‘na’ and words with stems of 2 or more syllables .....14 6.3.3 The Conjunction ‘na’ and words with monosyllabic stems ......15 6.3.4 The Conjunction ‘na’ and words that start with i-, or are loanwords.Error! Bookmark not defined. 6.4 The Copulative Construction........15 7 Reduplication ........166 8 Locative clitics.....16 9 Proper Names......16 10 Loanwords .......17 11 Ideophones.....177 12 Dialects and regional and social variants .....18 13 Zinza/Swahili Diglot Publications .....18 Appendix A: Punctuation Guide in English ......20 Appendix B: Punctuation Guide in Swahili....22
Country:
Tanzania
Subject Languages:
Content Language:
Work Type:
Subject:
Phonology
Orthography
Nature of Work:
Entry Number:
42980