Notes on Nyokon phonology (Bantu A.45, Cameroon)

Date:
2011
Publisher:
SIL Cameroon
Publisher Place:
Yaoundé
Extent:
42 pages
Description:
This paper is a preliminary analysis of the phonology of Nyokon based on a wordlist of nearly 1000 words. Nyokon is a Bantu language spoken in the Mbam region of Cameroon. It was classified by Guthrie as A.45 (Guthrie 1971:32). Section 2 provides an overview of the sociolinguistic situation and previous research. Sections 3 though 5 present the phonological building blocks of the language. Section 7 briefly explores morphophonology of the language.
Publication Status:
Published
Table of Contents:
1 Introduction....................................................................................................................................3 2 Background.....................................................................................................................................3 3 Phonological segments...................................................................................................................5 3.1 Consonants..............................................................................................................................6 3.1.1 Stops.................................................................................................................................6 3.1.2 Fricatives..........................................................................................................................8 3.1.3 Nasal resonants................................................................................................................9 3.1.4 Oral resonants................................................................................................................10 3.2 Vowels....................................................................................................................................12 3.2.1 Evidence of opposition: front vowels [i], [ɪ], [ɛ].....................................................14 3.2.2 Evidence of opposition: central vowels [ɨ], [ə], [a]................................................16 3.2.3 Evidence of opposition: back vowels [u], [ʊ], [ɔ]...................................................17 3.2.4 Evidence of opposition: close vowels [i], [ɨ], [u]....................................................18 3.2.5 Evidence of opposition: low vowels [ɛ], [a], [ɔ]......................................................18 3.2.6 Evidence of opposition: mid central vowel [ə]........................................................19 3.2.7 Vowel length..................................................................................................................19 4 CV patterns and distribution.......................................................................................................20 4.1 Consonant distribution.........................................................................................................21 4.2 Distribution of vowels..........................................................................................................24 4.3 Reduplication........................................................................................................................24 4.4 Lexical stem structures.........................................................................................................25 5 Tone...............................................................................................................................................26 6 Morphology...................................................................................................................................27 6.1 Noun class markers...............................................................................................................27 6.1.1 Irregular stem changes.................................................................................................31 6.2 Verbal afxes.........................................................................................................................31 6.2.1 Infnitive prefx: u- / ʊ-................................................................................................32 6.2.2 Agentive nominalizing prefx: mu- / pa- ..................................................................32 6.2.3 Refexive/passive prefx: pi-........................................................................................32 6.2.4 Causative extension: -s.................................................................................................33 6.2.5 Pluractional/intensive extension: -k...........................................................................34 7 Morphophonology........................................................................................................................35 7.1 Gliding and frication.............................................................................................................35 7.2 Centralizing...........................................................................................................................36 7.3 Palatalization of the alveolar nasal....................................................................................37 7.4 Other hiatus resolution........................................................................................................38 8 Conclusion.....................................................................................................................................40 References.......................................................................................................................................41
Country:
Cameroon
Subject Languages:
Content Language:
Field:
Work Type:
Nature of Work:
Entry Number:
43054