Karon Orthography

Date Created:
51 pages
An explanation and justification of the rules of orthography in the Karon language
Publication Status:
Draft (posted 'as is' without peer review)
Table of Contents:
A. Fundamental principles of the alphabet 8 B. The letters of the Karon alphabet 9 B.1. Karon Vowels 10 B.1.1. The short vowels: a, á, e, é, i, í, o, ó, u, ú 10 B.1.2. Long vowels 12 B.1.3. Other sequences of two vowels. 13 B.1.4. Vowel Harmony 14 B.2. The Karon Consonants 16 B.2.1. Karon consonants that are similar to those in English 16 B.2.2. Consonant combinations 17 B.2.3. Double consonants 18 B.3. Jusitification of the choice of letters in the Karon alphabet 19 B.3.1. The letters a, e, f, i, k, l, m, n, o, p, s, t, u, w, y 19 B.3.2. The letters c, h, ŋ, ñ 19 B.3.3. The letters aa, á, áa, ee, é, ée, ii, í, íi, oo, ó, óo, uu, ú, úu 19 C. Word breaks in the Karon sentence 21 C.1. Linguistic criteria 21 C.1.1. Referential Independence 21 C.1.2. Mobility 22 C.1.3. Separability 22 C.1.4. Substitutability 23 C.1.5. Vowel harmony 23 C.1.6. Morphophonological changes 24 C.2. Word breaks by grammatical category 25 C.2.1. Nouns 25 C.2.1.1. Noun class markers 25 C.2.1.2. Compound words 26 C.2.2. Noun determiners 27 C.2.2.1. Definite article 27 C.2.2.2. Demonstrative 28 C.2.2.3. Possessive 29 C.2.2.4. Adjectives 32 C.2.3. Pronouns 32 C.2.3.1. Personal subject pronoun 32 C.2.3.2. Object marker 34 C.2.3.3. Relative clauses 35 C.2.3.4. Interogative Pronouns 36 C.2.4. Verbs 38 C.2.4.1. Verbal subject prefixes 38 C.2.4.2. Reduplication 40 C.2.4.3. Negation 41 C.2.4.4. The future 42 C.2.4.5. Verbal suffixes 44 C.2.4.6. Adverbs 44 C.2.4.7. Auxiliary verbs 45 C.2.4.8. Progressive aspect 45 C.2.5. Conjunctions 46 C.2.6. Numbers 47 D. Punctuation 48 D.1. Capitals and lower case 48 D.2. Contraction/elision 48 D.2.1. Niŋ before a noun or pronoun 48 D.2.2. Niŋ before a verb 49 E. A Karon text 51
Subject Languages:
Content Language:
Work Type:
Nature of Work:
Entry Number: