Inflection of Finite Verbs in Mongghul

Statement of Responsibility:
Åkerman, Vesa
Authors:
Series Issue:
2012-003
Date:
2012
Publisher:
SIL International
Publisher Place:
Dallas, Texas
Part Of Series:
SIL Electronic Working Papers 2012-003
Extent:
61 pages
Abstract:
This paper focuses on the finite verb in Mongghul, a Mongolic language principally spoken in Qinghai (青海) Province, in Northwest China. The finite verb in Mongghul is inflected for mood, aspect/tense and speaker involvement. In the imperative mood only is the person of the subject distinguished, and speaker involvement is an aerial feature that Mongghul shares with a number of neighboring languages. Of particular interest to the reader is that the author—having spent five years on site learning the language—brings to light several discoveries that contradict previously published analyses, as well as advances several new features of the language not yet published. Among these are: The perfective aspect marker –wa marks the clause for subjective speaker involvement, and is the counterpart to –jia. The main function of –jii is to mark a state. The future tense suffix –m/–n can be used with a first person subject only in irrealis situations, or when the intention of the speaker is less definite. In addition, the speaker, functioning as a referent in a clause, may also trigger subjective speaker involvement marking.
Publication Status:
Published
Country:
China
Subject Languages:
Content Language:
Field:
Work Type:
Subject:
Tu
Tense
Syntax
speaker involvement
Morphology
Mongolic
Mongghul
finite verb
China
Aspect
Nature of Work:
Entry Number:
49117
Files:
AttachmentSize
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