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The purpose of this sociolinguistic survey among Hadothi (ISO: 639-3: hoj) speakers of Rajasthan was to assess the need for a mother tongue language development programme and literacy work. The fieldwork was started in August 2004 and ended in September 2004. The methods used for this research were wordlists, a modified form of Recorded Text Testing (RTT), Sentence Repetition Testing (SRT), sociolinguistic questionnaires, informal interviews, and observations. The findings indicate that Hadothi speakers could benefit from language development and literacy work. Hadothi language vitality appears strong, but Hindi is also valued. Educated subjects showed higher levels of bilingual proficiency in Hindi than uneducated subjects. In terms of lexical similarity, no significant variation was found among Hadothi speech varieties. Although widespread testing was not done, initial results of the modified RTT, along with responses to questionnaires, suggest that a variety of Hadothi spoken in Kota district would be understood by and acceptable to Hadothi speakers in other areas.