A Brief Grammar of the Ts'amakko Language

SIL Ethiopia
Publisher Place:
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
iv, 38 pages
This brief grammar was developed and written during a work-shop held in December 2009 in Arba Minch. The purpose of this book is to make the Ts’amakko community aware of the wealth and variation it inherited with the Ts’amakko language. The language possesses an intricate system of forms and rules, which all speakers use in their daily lives, often without being consciously aware of them. Many of these forms and rules are presented in this little book. It also needs to be pointed out that the purpose of this book is not to present a full and comprehensive description of the Ts’amakko language. This would be beyond the scope of this work, and it would require a different approach to the language. Many forms of the Ts’amakko language are not even mentioned in here, and some areas of the Ts’amakko grammar have been omitted from this work. Also this book attempts to use terminology which is understandable by a wide audience. The hope is even that it can be translated into the Ts’amakko language to make it fully accessible to all Ts’amakko speakers. Therefore this book will disappoint everybody who wants to see a description of Ts’amakko according to the latest linguistic models and terminology.
Publication Status:
Draft (posted 'as is' without peer review)
Table of Contents:
Table of Contents 0 Preface 1 1 Introduction 2 1.1 Orthography 2 1.2 Outline 4 1.3 Part of speech 5 2 Noun 7 2.1 Gender 7 2.2 Number 8 3 Modifying the noun phrase 10 3.1 Definite and indefinite 10 3.2 Demonstratives 11 3.3 Numerals 12 3.4 Adjectives 14 3.5 Plural Marking on Adjectives 14 3.6 Gender Marking on Adjectives 15 3.7 The order of elements in a noun phrase 15 4 Pronouns and Possessives 16 4.1 Pronouns 16 4.2 Possessive Pronouns 17 4.3 Possessive Nouns 18 iv 5 Subjects and Predicates 19 5.1 Subjects 19 5.2 Predicates 19 6 Verbs 22 6.1 Person marking on the verb 22 6.2 Tense marking on the verb 23 6.3 Positive and negative sentences 25 7 Transitive Verbs 26 7.1 Transitive and Intransitive Verbs 26 7.2 Object pronouns 27 8 Non Final Verbs and Verbal Derivations 28 8.1 Non-Final Verbs 28 8.2 Verbal Derivation 28 9 Other ways to use noun phrases: semantic roles. Adverbs. 31 9.2 Local Adverbs 34 9.3 Temporal Adverbs 35 9.4 Modal adverbs, Manner adverbs 35 10 Story: The North Wind and the Sun 37
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