A Brief Grammar of the Konso Language

Edition:
draft
Date Created:
2009
Publisher:
SIL Ethiopia
Publisher Place:
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Extent:
46 pages
Abstract:
This brief grammar was developed and written during a work-shop held in December 2009 in Arba Minch. The purpose of this book is to make the Konso community aware of the wealth and variation it inherited with the Konso language. The language possesses an intricate system of forms and rules, which all speakers use in their daily lives, often without being consciously aware of them. Many of these forms and rules are presented in this little book. It also needs to be pointed out that the purpose of this book is not to present a full and comprehensive description of the Konso language. This would be beyond the scope of this work, and it would require a different approach to the language. Ma-ny forms of the Konso language are not even mentioned in here, and some areas of the Konso grammar have been omitted from this work. Also this book attempts to use terminology which is understandable by a wide audience. The hope is even that it can be translated into the Konso language to make it fully accessible to all Konso speakers. Therefore this book will disappoint everybody who wants to see a description of Konso according to the latest linguistic models and terminology.
Publication Status:
Draft (posted 'as is' without peer review)
Table of Contents:
Table of Contents 0 Preface 7 1 Introduction9 1.1 Orthography 10 1.1.1 Vowels: 10 1.1.2 Consonants10 1.2 Outline 11 1.3 Part of speech 13 1.4 Agreement 14 2 Noun 15 2.1 Gender 15 2.2 Number 16 3 Modifying the noun phrase 18 3.1 Definite and indefinite 18 3.2 Demonstratives 19 3.2.1 Gender marking on the demonstrative 19 3.2.2 Number marking of demonstratives 20 3.3 Numerals 20 3.3.1 Cardinal numbers 21 3.3.2 Ordinal numbers 21 3.4 Adjectives 22 3.5 Proper and Derived Adjectives 22 3.6 Plural Marking on Adjectives 23 3.7 Gender Marking on Adjectives 23 3.8 Definiteness marked on Adjectives 23 3.9 The order of elements in a noun phrase 23 4 Pronouns and Possessives25 4.1 Pronouns 25 4.1.1 Personal pronouns 25 4.2 Possessive Pronouns and Possessive Pronominal Markers26 4.3 Possessive Nouns 27 5 Subjects and Predicates 29 5.1 Subjects 29 5.2 Predicates 29 5.2.1 Noun phrases as predicates 29 5.2.2 Adjectives as predicates 31 5.2.3 Numerals as predicates 31 6 Verbs 32 6.1 Tense marking on the verb 32 6.2 Person marking on the verb 34 6.3 Positive and negative sentences 35 7 Transitive Verbs 36 7.1 Transitive and Intransitive Verbs36 7.1.1 Object marking 36 7.2 Object pronouns 37 8 Non Final Verbs and Verbal Derivations 39 8.1 Non-Final Verbs 39 8.2 Verbal Derivation 39 8.2.1 Causative 39 8.2.2 Reciprocal 40 8.2.3 Passive 40 8.2.4 Stative 41 9 Other ways to use noun phrases: semantic roles. Adverbs.42 9.1.1 Dative 42 9.1.2 Locative 42 9.1.3 Directional 42 9.1.4 Ablative 43 9.1.5 Instrumental 43 9.1.6 Comitative43 9.2 Local Adverbs 45 9.3 Temporal Adverbs 45 9.4 Modal adverbs, Manner adverbs 46 10 Story: The North Wind and the Sun 47 Torra akhaykhayta qutatta isho piirtota 47
Country:
Ethiopia
Subject Languages:
Content Language:
Field:
Work Type:
Subject:
Orthography
grammar
Nature of Work:
Entry Number:
51471