The Phonology of Two Central Chadic Languages

Statement of Responsibility:
Smith, Tony and Richard Gravina
Series Issue:
144
Date:
2010
Publisher:
SIL International and The University of Texas at Arlington
Publisher Place:
Dallas, TX
Part Of Series:
SIL International and The University of Texas at Arlington Publications in Linguistics 144
Extent:
xvi, 245 pages
Publication Status:
Published
Table of Contents:

Introduction by Michael C. Cahill
List of Symbols and Abbreviations

Part 1 The Phonology of Muyang by Tony Smith

  1. Introduction
  2. 1.1 Location and Population
    1.2 Classification
    1.3 Previous Research
    1.4 The Present Research

  3. Basic Phonology
  4. 2.0 Introductory Comments
    2.1 Consonants
    2.1.1 Consonant phonemes
    2.1.2 Evidence of contrast
    2.1.3 Interpretation of polysegmental phonemes
    2.1.4 Realisation and distribution patterns of consonant phonemes
    2.1.5 Consonants and tone
    2.2 Vowels
    2.2.1 The basic vowel
    2.2.2 Phonetic schwa and its prosodic variants
    2.2.3 Overview of Muyang surface vocalisation
    2.3 Prosodies
    2.3.1 Palatalisation
    2.3.2 Labialisation
    2.3.3 Palatalisation and labialisation combined
    2.3.4 The labialisation prosody and labialised consonants
    2.3.5 Vowel height under prosody
    2.4 Tone: General Features
    2.4.1 Surface tone
    2.4.2 Underlying tone?
    2.5 Stress
    2.5.1 Stress in the speech string
    2.5.2 Stress and tone in the noun

  5. Morphophonology
  6. 3.0 Grammatical Categories in Muyang
    3.1 Nouns
    3.1.1 Structure of noun roots
    3.1.2 Modification of basic noun roots
    3.1.3 Compounding
    3.1.4 Tone on the noun
    3.2 Verbs
    3.2.1 Structure of verb roots
    3.2.2 Verb morphology
    3.2.3 Tone on the verb

  7. Phrase-Level Phonology
  8. 4.1 Prosody Spread
    4.2.1 General features
    4.2.2 Modification of the associative marker
    4.3 Tone at Phrase Level
    4.3.1 General features
    4.3.2 Tone raising at phrase level
    4.3.3 The tone of peripositional expressions
    4.3.4 The tone of the negative markers

    Part 1 Conclusion

    Part 2 The Phonology of Mbuko by Richard Gravina

  9. Introduction
  10. 5.1 The Mbuko People
    5.2 Language Classification
    5.3 Research Work
    5.4 Grammar Overview
    5.5 Levels of Representation

  11. The Syllable
  12. 6.1 Syllable Type V
    6.2 Syllable Type CV
    6.3 Syllable Type CVC
    6.4 Phonetically Long Vowels
    6.5 Syllable Type VC
    6.6 Comments
    6.7 Syllable Patterns in Words

  13. Contrastive Units
  14. 7.1 Introduction to Prosody
    7.2 Consonants
    7.2.1 Distribution
    7.2.2 Description of phonemes
    7.2.3 The laminal consonants
    7.2.4 Evidence of contrast
    7.3 Vowels and Prosodies
    7.3.1 Presentation of vowel phonemes
    7.3.2 Conditioning factors
    7.3.3 Derivation of the representation when prosodies are applied
    7.3.4 Derivation of surface forms
    7.3.5 Compound words
    7.3.6 Front rounded vowels
    7.3.7 Definition of features
    7.3.8 Vowel neutralisation issues

  15. The Phonology of the Word
  16. 8.1 Monomorphemic Words
    8.1.1 Input
    8.1.2 Vowel position rules
    8.1.3 Closed syllable rule
    8.1.4 Schwa deletion
    8.1.5 Pause vowel rule
    8.1.6 Optional vowel contraction rule
    8.1.7 Application of prosodies
    8.1.8 Sample derivations
    8.2 Words Formed by Reduplication
    8.2.1 Complete reduplication
    8.2.2 Partial reduplication
    8.3 Compound Words
    8.4 Morphophonemics
    8.4.1 Basic morphology
    8.4.2 Elision
    8.4.3 Scope of prosodies
    8.5 Post-Lexical Alternations
    8.5.1 /n/
    8.5.2 Laminal phonemes
    8.5.3 /h/
    8.5.4 /h/ deletion
    8.6 Polymorphemic Words
    8.7 The Basic Phonological Word

  17. Tone
  18. 9.1 Overview
    9.2 Evidence of Contrast
    9.3 Distribution
    9.4 Verbs
    9.4.1 Verb tone patterns
    9.4.2 High tone spread
    9.4.3 Depressor consonants
    9.5 Total Tone Lowering
    9.6 Nouns and Other Lexical Categories

  19. Phrase-Level Phonology
  20. 10.1 The Pause Phrase
    10.2 Final Vowel Lowering
    10.3 Elision
    10.4 /n/ Deletion

  21. Rhythmical Phonology
  22. 11.1 The Metrical System
    11.2 Schwa Deletion
    11.3 Variable Length Morphemes
    11.4 Verb Reduplication

Summary
References

Country:
Chad
Subject Languages:
Field:
Work Type:
Subject:
Phonological descriptions
Nature of Work:
Entry Number:
8934