South Sulawesi pronominal clitics: form, function and position

Authors:
Date:
2008
Abstract:
The present article offers the most comprehensive overview to date of pronominal clitic syntax in the South Sulawesi (SSul) family (Malayo-Polynesian, Austronesian). The fundamental aspects of SSul morphosyntax are explained with special attention given to case and agreement phenomena. The SSul system is then compared to Philippine-type languages, which are known to be more morphosyntactically conservative, and thus may represent the type of system from which Proto-SSul descended. A full array of syntactic environments are investigated in relation to clitic placement and the results are summarized in the conclusion. The positioning properties of the set A pronouns are of particular interest in that they are similar to Philippine clitics in being second-position elements but dissimilar to them in respecting the contiguity of a potentially large verbal constituent, often resulting in placement several words away from the left edge of their domain. Finally, notes on the form of modern SSul pronoun sets and the reconstruction of Proto-SSul pronouns are presented in the appendix.
Extent:
pages 13-65
Subject:
Syntax
South Sulawesi languages
Pronominal clitics
Philippine languages
Malayo-Polynesian languages
Austronesian languages
Country:
Indonesia
Field:
Content Language:
Nature of Work: