Classifiers in Rongga

Authors:
Date:
2008
Abstract:
This paper discusses the syntax and semantics of the numeral phrase (NumP) in Rongga, an Austronesian language from Flores island, Indonesia. Syntactically, a NumP consists of a numeral expression and a classifier. It is part of a noun phrase (NP)/determiner phrase (DP). While the NumP can come before or after the noun head, there is a restriction when it comes after the noun head. Semantically, the NumP expresses sortal and quantifying funtions, which are determined by the classifiers. At the broadest level, sortal classifiers in Rongga encapsulate the natural classifications of living and nonliving entities, with living things being further subclassified into human, animal, and plant. Nonliving entities are classified in terms of their physcal attributes and textures (round, long, flat, etc.). This paper also discusses how numerals and classifiers in Rongga are increasingly under pressure from, and replaced by, the national language, Indonesian.
Extent:
pages 1-17
Subject:
Syntax
classifiers
Country:
Indonesia
Field:
Subject Languages:
Content Language:
Nature of Work: