A Sketch Grammar of the Nchane Language

Date:
2010
Extent:
iv, 38 pages
Table of Contents:
Abbreviations ............................................................... iv 1 Introduction ...................1 1.1 Name of the language ........................................1 1.2 Genetic affiliation ..............................................1 1.3 Sociolinguistic situation.....................................1 1.3.1 Demography.......................................................1 1.3.2 Viability..............................................................1 1.3.3 Language attitudes .............................................1 1.3.4 Multilingualism..................................................1 1.4 Corpus and nature of the research.....................2 2 Nouns and noun phrases ...................3 2.1 Types of nouns and their structures ..................3 2.1.1 Proper names .....................................................3 2.1.2 Derived nouns ....................................................4 2.1.3 Compound nouns ...............................................4 2.2 Functions of noun morphology..........................5 2.2.1 Derivational morphology on noun roots ...........5 2.2.2 Noun classes and genders ..................................6 2.2.3 Gender system....................................................8 2.3 The structure of the noun phrase ......................9 2.4 Elements in the noun phrase ...........................11 2.4.1 Possessives........................................................11 2.4.2 Demonstratives.................................................12 2.4.3 Numerals ..........................................................14 2.4.4 Quantifiers........................................................16 2.4.5 Adjectives .........................................................18 2.4.6 Relative clauses................................................18 3 Verbs and Verb Phrases .................19 3.1 Verbs and their structures................................19 3.2 Functions of verb morphology.........................19 3.2.1 Derivational morphology.................................19 3.2.2 Tense and aspect morphology .........................20 3.3 The structure of the verb phrase .....................223.4 Elements in the verb phrase ............................23 3.4.1 Verbal particles ................................................23 3.4.2 Verb phrase level negation ..............................25 3.4.3 Adverbs ............................................................27 3.4.4 Complements....................................................27 3.4.5 Valence changing operations...........................28 4 Clauses .................29 4.1 Basic clause types and their structures............29 4.1.1 Declarative clauses...........................................29 4.1.2 Predicate adjectives .........................................29 4.1.3 Imperative clauses............................................30 4.1.4 Interrogative Clauses .......................................30 4.2 Functions of elements in the clause.................33 4.2.1 Grammatical relations......................................33 4.2.2 Adverbial elements ..........................................34 4.2.3 Clause level particles .......................................35 5 Conclusion .................37
Country:
Cameroon
Field:
Subject Languages:
Content Language:
Nature of Work: