Semantics of Sa'a transitive suffixes and thematic consonants

Authors:
Date:
2012
Abstract:
In the Sa'a language of the Solomon Islands, the transitive form of some verbs is made by adding only an object clitic. Other verbs add a transitive suffix of the form -(C)i before the object clitic. Some verbs form a second intransitive by adding -(C)a'i and a second transitive with -(C)a'ini plus object clitic. Most verbs may also be nominalized by adding -(C)a. These patterns of affixation are shared by many Oceanic languages. In each of these forms the -C is chosen from a limited set, known in the literature as the thematic consonants. Most Oceanic analysts consider the consonants to be lexically determined and meaningless, although a few identify semantic groups of verbs which tend to share a consonant. This thesis presents several semantic features, instigation, affectedness, intentionality, durativity, telicity, and result, which interact to control the choice of consonant and suffix for Sa'a verbs and deverbal nouns.
Extent:
274 pages
Table of Contents:
Table of contents Dedication vii Acknowledgements viii List of tables xii List of maps and figures xiv Abbreviations and other conventions xv 1. Introduction 1; 1.1 Overview of thesis 1; 1.2 Geography 4; 1.3 Language family 7; 1.4 History of linguistic study 9; 1.5 Detailed preview of thesis 11; 1.6 Data corpus description 12; 2. Phonology 15; 2.1 Phoneme inventory and orthographic conventions 15; 2.2 Vowel raising 20; 2.3 Syllable and stress patterns 22; 3. General features of Sa'a morphosyntax 25; 3.1 Basic clause structure 25; 3.2 Noun phrases and their constituents 29; 3.2.1 Pronominal elements 29; 3.2.2 Nouns 42; 3.2.3 Noun phrase constituents other than the noun 43; 3.3 Prepositional Phrases 56; 3.4 Verb phrase constituents other than the verb word 61; 3.4.1 TAM particles 61; 3.4.2 Adverbs 65; 3.4.3 Noun phrases referring to a direct object 67; 3.5 Clause order and topicalization 69; 4. Verb morphology 74; 4.1 Verbal affixes 75; 4.2 Literature review 83; 4.3 Relevant semantic concepts 96; 4.4 The typology applied to Sa'a: patterns of the ( C) i suffix sequence 113; 4.5 The meaning of the ‘thematic consonant’ suffixes 128; 4.5.1 The thematic consonant suffixes in other environments 142; 4.5.2 The thematic consonant suffixes in verbal environments 162; 4.5.3 The function of the ( C) a ' i( n i) sequence 189; 4.6 Further complexity involving derived verbs 200; 4.7 Summary 202; 5. Applications beyond Sa'a 204; 5.1 Thematic consonant meanings in other Oceanic languages 204; 5.2 The meanings of the Sa'a thematic consonants m and r 220; 5.3 The ( C) i sequence in other Oceanic languages 221; 5.3.1 Lexical, phonological, or semantic control? 221; 5.3.2 Verbs which do not fit the A-verb/O-verb dichotomy 223; 5.4 Extending the feature-based event structure template model 230; 5.5 Concluding remarks 233; Appendix A. Person-number markers and grammatical relations 234; Appendix B. Infrequent clause templates 240; References Cited 248; Vita for Karen Crowder Ashley 252
Subject:
affectedness
durativity
instigation
intentionality
Morphology
Oceanic language
result
telicity
thematic consonants
Transitivity
Country:
Solomon Islands
Field:
Subject Languages:
Content Language:
Nature of Work: