Mundari Phonology

Statement of Responsibility:
Stirtz, Timothy M
Mundari of South Sudan has 8 vowels and at least 19 vowel glides that function in [ATR] sets. There is partial (half) [+ATR] spreading onto mid vowels /ɔ, ɛ/, neutralization of plosive voicing word-finally, a word-final consonant constrain of /l/, and a vowel co-occurrence restriction in adjacent syllables of roots. In addition, Mundari has a significant amount of morphophonology, including bi-directional consonant assimilation, on-glide formation, polar tone, root tone replacement, bi-directional [+ATR] spreading, and vowel raising. Whereas Mundari has 8 vowel phonemes, the related languages of Bari and Kuku have 10 vowels, and this difference results in different vowel alternations for Mundari which can be explained by comparing the corresponding morphemes in these languages.
36 pages
Table of Contents:
Abstract; Introduction; 1 Consonants; 1.1 Consonant distribution; 1.2 Consonant contrasts; 2 Vowels; 2.1 Vowel distribution in word positions; 2.2 Vowel contrasts; 2.3 Functional load of [ATR]; 2.4 Vowel distribution in adjacent syllables of roots; 3 Syllable structure; 4 Tone; 5 Tone morphophonology; 6 Consonant morphophonology; 7 Vowel morphophonology; 8 [ATR] morphophonology; 8.1 Rightward [+ATR] spreading; 8.2 Leftward [+ATR] spreading from roots to prefixes; 8.3 Partial [+ATR] quality on /ɛ/, /ɔ/; 8.4 Leftward [+ATR] spreading from suffixes to roots; 8.5 Suffixes differing by vowel height; 9 Summary; References
vowel raising
vowel glides
replacement tone
polar tone
[ATR] partial spreading
South Sudan
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