In search of task-centered software: Building single-purpose tools from multipurpose components

Statement of Responsibility:
Simons, Gary F
Authors:
Date:
1998
Abstract:

The humanities computing community has developed some great tools but they seem to be underused. A large segment of their target audience finds them too difficult to learn and use. This paper suggests that a significant contributing factor is the semantic gap between the specific task the user wants to do and the general functionality that the tool provides. It proposes a solution in which the developer begins with a task analysis of the work users do, and then pieces together reusable multipurpose components to construct single-purpose tools to support the various subtasks. An example is used throughout of tasks for which a lexicographer might use a concordance. The appendix gives a working demonstration of a prototype in which interactive Web documents use forms and components to implement single-purpose tools and use hypertext links to informational pages that provide integrated performance support.

Subject:
Computer programs
Computational linguistics
software development
lexicon/dictionary
lexicology/lexicography
concordance
computing
Content Language:
Nature of Work: