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This paper presents some preliminary notes on the previously undescribed Indo-Aryan
language of Kundal Shahi, a village in Pakistani-administered Kashmir. We present data from which it
appears that the Kundal Shahi language must have descended from an archaic form of Shina, while showing
more recent influences from Kashmiri and Hindko in particular. It is not mutually intelligible with any
of these languages. Like many other languages in the northwestern corner of the South-Asian subcontinent,
Kundal Shahi has contrastive tone. With less than 500 active speakers, most of whom are over 40 years of
age, the language is definitely endangered.