Links to Other Resources

Websites with MLE-related resources

Compiled by Susan Malone, 2012.[1]


UNESCO Institute for Statistics

Education in a Multilingual World. UNESCO position paper. (2003).

Advocacy Kit for Promoting Multilingual Education: Including the Excluded. Bangkok: UNESCO Bangkok, 2007, 5 booklets. ISBN 92-9223-110-3

Why Languages Matter  UNESCO Bangkok. 2012

Videos.  Advocacy for MT-based MLE

APPEAL Resource Pack for Literacy and Continuing Education.
Bangkok: UNESCO Bangkok, 2006, various paging., 11 CDs. ISBN 92-9223-085-9

Education for All, Global Monitoring Report for 2008

First Language First

Improving the Quality of Mother Tongue-based Literacy and Learning: Case Studies from Asia, Africa and South America. Bangkok: UNESCO Bangkok, 2007

Literacy?  Yes.  But When?

Mother Tongue-based Literacy Programmes: Case Studies of Good Practice in Asia  Bangkok: UNESCO Bangkok, 2007, 165 p. ISBN 92-9223-113-8

Manual for Developing Literacy and Adult Education Programmes in Minority Language Communities  Bangkok: UNESCO Bangkok, 2004, 116 p. (revised edition) ISBN 92-9223-022-0 

Mother Tongue-based Teaching and Education for Girls (Carol Benson, 2005).

Planning learner-centred adult literacy programs by Susan E. Malone & Robert Arnove Fundamentals of educational planning N° 58  1999, 79p. ISBN: 92-803-1168-9

French Version:  La Planification des programmes d'alphabétisation des adultes centrés sur les élèves

Promoting Literacy in Multilingual Settings.  Bangkok: UNESCO Bangkok, 2007, 62 p. by Kimmo Kosonen, Catherine Young and Susan Malone ISBN 92-9223-100-6 

Toward Knowledge Societies (2005).  See particularly Chapter 9 “Local and indigenous knowledge, linguistic diversity and knowledge

Training Adult Literacy Educators in Developing Countries 
Alan Rogers, 2005; Paper commissioned for the EFA Global Monitoring Report 2006, Literacy for Life. 69 p.

Girls, Educational Equity and Mother Tongue-based Teaching.

International Year of Languages

China’s Country Study for literacy (2006).

Myanmar: the Community Learning Center Experience

Final Report of the Regional Workshop on Continuing Education Programmes Focusing on Small-Scale Enterprise for Neo-literature through Community Learning Centres

Why and how Africa should invest in African languages and multilingual education

A Human Rights-Based Approach to EDUCATION FOR ALL. (with UNICEF)

Girls, Educational Equity and Mother Tongue-Based Teaching. By Carol Benson.

News from UNESCO Bangkok.  Mother Language Day

Mother Tongue-based Multilingual Education - A Key to Quality Education (video) /

Languages and Literacies.  By Clinton Robinson

UNESCO Education Website



Optimizing Learning and Education in Africa – the Language Factor.  A Stock-taking Research on Mother Tongue and Bilingual Education in Sub-Saharan Africa



Planning education in multi-ethnic and multicultural societies



Child-Friendly Schools –Early Childhood Education (2012)

Ensuring the rights of indigenous children

State of the World’s Minorities and Indigenous Peoples 2009 EXCLUSIVE ONLINE MATERIAL Indigenous Languages: A View from UNICEF   by Anna Lucia D’Emilio

UNICEF Annual Report 2010 (See especially page 23) 

Multilingual Education in Bangladesh. Report on the Symposium on Multilingual Eductation, June 2005.  Sponsored by UNICEF, UNESCO and SIL International.



Prioritizing education and promoting  gender equality in South SudanBy Siddhartha Shrestha



In their own language; Education for All

Skills and Literacy Training for Better Livelihoods - A Review of Approaches and Experiences. By John Oxenham and others of the Africa Region, The World Bank

Report of meeting of international finance ministers, focus on enrolling all young children in elementary school

Life-long learning in the global knowledge economy - Challenges for Developing Countries

Development Gateway

IK Notes, Burkina Faso: "Literacy for the Little Ones" in Nomgana

Living Literacy



Why Languages Matter. Meeting Millenium Development Goals through Languages

Annual Report: Multilingual Education theme.

Papers from the Conference on Language Development, Language Revitalization and Multilingual Education in Minority Communities of Asia  2003.



Mother Language First.  Towards achieving EFA for Adivasi Children in Bangladesh.  By Terry Durnnian.  2007

Language and Education. The Missing Link.  By Helen Pinnock.

Steps Towards Learning.  A guide to overcoming language barriers  in children’s education

Reflecting language diversity in children's schooling: moving from. 'Why multilingual education' to. 'How?' By Helen Pinnock



Educating Learners in Their Home Languages



Mother Tongue Based–MultiLingual Education



IDI 21 Insights.  Communicating International Development Research Mother Tongue First. Children’s right to learn in their own languages



Strengthening Inclusive Education



Development and Maintenance of Two-Way Immersion Programs..  Advice from practitioners worldwide.  Based on responses from principals, bilingual coordinators, and teachers in two-way immersion (TWI) programs, this brief provides advice to those practitioners implementing new TWI programs. Designing curricula, planning for assessment, training teachers, involving parents, garnering district support, and fostering long-term growth are among the issues addressed.



NORRAG News No. 34.

NORRAG News ­No. 39



ITEACHILEARN (I Teach I Learn) Jim Cummins’ website

Indigenous languages across the community

Indigenous Languages—Language Revitalization and preservation. Indigenous Languages Across the Community  edited by Barbara Burnaby and Jon Reyhner

Integrated Skills in the ESL/EFL Classroom

Introducing reading and writing

Universal Declaration of Linguistic Rights

Press Release: All India Forum for Right to Education. 2009

Central Institute of Indian Languages

ERIC:  Model Early Foreign Language Programs: Key Elements By Douglas Gilzow

Endangered Language Fund:  Bibliography on Language Endangerment'

George Washington University NCELA

Posted articles include:

  • Critical Need for Bilingual Education Teachers: The Potentiality of Normalistas and Paraprofessionals
  • Bilingual Interns' Barriers to Becoming Teachers: At What Cost Do We Diversify the Teaching Force?
  • Bilingual Academic Spanish Proficiency Tests: Assessment of Bilingual Cross-Cultural and  Language and Academic Development Teacher Candidates
  • Sharing the Bilingual Journey: Situational Autobiography in a Family Literacy Context
  • Young Bilingual Children's Perceptions of Bilingualism and Biliteracy: Altruistic Possibilities
  • Language Learning in the American Southwestern Borderlands: Navajo Speakers and Their Transition to Academic English Literacy
  • Parents Choose Dual Language Programs in Colorado: A Survey
  • Enhancing Content Areas Through a Cognitive Academic Language Learning Based Collaborative in South Texas
  • Bilingualism in Development: Language, Literacy, and Cognition


Office of Bilingual Education-US Government

The Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages  Affairs (OBEMLA) of the U.S. Department of Education held an  institute for Title VII grantees February 20-21, 2001 in  Phoenix, AZ prior to the National Association for Bilingual  Education (NABE) conference. The institute focused on  developing partnerships to share effective practices and  addressed national, state and local accountability challenges  concerning the education of limited English proficient  students.  PowerPoint presentations from the following selected institute sessions have been posted to the NCBE website

- Reporting on Title VII Project and Program Performance
- Title VII Reporting Requirements: Emphasis on Accountability
- Title VII Programs in the Accountability Environment
- Link Between Program Goals and Objectives and Evaluation: A Cyclical Approach

SEAsite  Interactive website of language instruction materials and information relating to Southeast Asia. Countries covered include Thailand, Indonesia, Burma, Vietnam, and the Philippines.


If you come across an English language document published by UNESCO you can find out if it exists in French by replacing the final "e"  which stands for English in the URL and replace it with a "f" for French. If the French language version exists then this should find it.

So for example the English version of the UNESCO Position Paper "Education in a multilingual world" is at  
The French version is at

There are additional good French language resources on line by UNESCO and others. It just depends on what the interested party is looking for. For example there are many resources available in French on Results Based Management on Canadian websites.

Tearfund has materials available in French.  The following is a useful site for finding French education/literacy related resources:

UN Information Website
Compare countries' geography, economy, and population, as well as other data with this online database, maintained by the United Nations.    

UN  Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues
MDGs related to indigenous groups        

UN Research Institute for Social Development (UNRISD)
UNRISD has a programme called ‘Identities, Conflict and Cohesion’. Under this programme they have conducted a research project entitled “Identity, Power and the Rights of Indigenous Peoples”. See below for a description of the project. Research was conducted in Bolivia, Peru, Chad-Cameroon, Nigeria, the Philippines, India, Australia and Canada. A series of seminars is being convened to disseminate the results from this project and to secure feedback from academics, NGOs and indigenous peoples about the project’s research findings and policy recommendations before the publication of programme papers, articles, policy briefs and an edited volume. The first of these seminars was convened on 18 August 2007 in Cochabamba, Bolivia. In 2008 further seminars will be held in Peru (10 March in Lima and 12 March in Cusco), Nigeria (Abuja on 10 April)  and New Zealand (Auckland on 23 April).

UN General AssembLY  

UN General Assembly proclamation of 2008 as the International Year of Languges.  

 Resolution adopted by the General Assembly 60/251 Human Rights Council (2006)


[1] Thanks to Alice Eastwood, Ellen Errington, Kimmo Kosonen and many others who contributed to this resource.[top]