Stages of orthography development

Whether developed in a community-based workshop or from a single linguist's analysis, an orthography is not instantly complete. It naturally goes through a process of development.  Different organizations have sometimes defined these as stages, depending on the time passed and how much exposure people have had to it. PNG’s LCORE department, for example, defines Trial, Intermediate (approved) and Advanced (established)

  • Bauernschmidt, Amy. 1980. The Ideal Orthography. Notes on Literacy 32:12–21.
  • Karan, Elke. 2006. “Writing System Development and Reform: A Process.” MA thesis, University of North Dakota.
  • Karan, Elke. 2014. “Standardization: What’s the hurry?” In Developing Orthographies for Unwritten languages, edited by Michael Cahill and Keren Rice, 231–250. Dallas: SIL International.
  • Sebba, Mark. 2009. Sociolinguistic Approaches to Writing. Writing Systems Research 1:1, 35–39.