Ashéninka Stories of Change

Statement of Responsibility:
Anderson, Ronald James
SIL International
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Publications in Sociolinguistics 4
xi, 245 pages
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Table of Contents:

List of Tables
List of Figures
List of Maps

  1. Introduction

  2. 1.1 The problem
    1.2 Perspectives on socialization
    1.3 The need to go beyond dichotomies
    1.4 Organization of the study

  3. Voices of Historical and Cultural Change

  4. 2.1 The pre-colonial period: Ashéninka self-sufficiency
    2.2 The colonial period: Franciscan missionaries introduce metal tools
    2.3 Rebellion and isolation
    2.4 Economic exploitation: The Peruvian Corporation and the rubber boom
    2.5 The Seventh-Day Adventist missions: Villages, education, and an adaptive ideology
    2.6 The contemporary period
    2.7 Traditional Ashéninka life
    2.8 The present situation
    2.9 Conclusion

  5. Voices of Oral History

  6. 3.1 The storytelling event
    3.2 The jaguar stories and social control
    3.3 Ashéninka values expressed in traditional stories
    3.4 Conclusion

  7. The Motivations for Learning

  8. 4.1 Anticipation of future physical need
    4.2 Social acceptance
    4.3 Identity formation
    4.4 New technologies as a change factor in learning traditional skills
    4.5 Social stigma as a change factor in learning traditional practices
    4.6 Socioeconomic changes promote learning reading and math skills
    4.7 Conclusion

  9. Teaching and Learning Strategies

  10. 5.1 Nonguided learning
    5.2 Guided learning
    5.3 Nontraditional learning
    5.4 Conclusion

  11. Spirits and a Little Magic

  12. 6.1 Ashéninka belief in spirits
    6.2 Witches and social alignment
    6.3 Shamans and special insight
    6.4 Magic in daily life
    6.5 Conclusion

  13. The Breadth of Socialization and Change

  14. 7.1 The multi-situated character of socialization
    7.2 The comprehensive character of socialization
    7.3 The persistent character of socialization
    7.4 Conclusion

Appendix: Methodology

  1. Participation in Ashéninka daily life
  2. Observation
  3. Documents
  4. Traditional stories
  5. Interviews
  6. Field research
  7. Shortcomings in the data


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