Pronoun ordering and marking in Kalamianic

Languages of the Kalamianic microgroup, represented by Agutaynen and Kalamian Tagbanwa, display a relatively unusual pattern among Austronesian languages with regard to pronoun ordering and marking. The typical order in transitive (Patient-Voice) clauses is Verb-Actor-Patient. Pronoun Actors in such constructions come from the so-called Genitive set of pronouns. If the Patient is a first- or second-person pronoun, however, the Patient takes the immediate postverbal position, resulting in an inverse word order of Patient-Actors. In such an instance, Actor pronouns come from the Oblique set. If a Patient pronoun is fronted to preverbal position, as in following a Negative or other fronted adverbial, there are two options for the Actor pronoun: (1) it can be fronted along with the Patient, retaining its Oblique-marking; or (2) it may remain in postverbal position, in which case it 'reverts' to Genitive-marking. Similarities in pronoun ordering and marking patterns are noted in selected Philippine languages.
pages 213-234
Pronoun order
Pronoun marking
Content Language:
Nature of Work: