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This paper presents the findings of a Miao dialect survey conducted in Honghe prefecture from May to July 2009. This survey was carried out as a cooperative project by SIL East Asia Group and the Honghe Hani-Yi Autonomous Prefecture Ethnic Research Institute. Honghe prefecture is home to around 274,000 Miao speakers, belonging to at least eleven different sub-branches. Each sub-branch speaks its own distinctive dialect. Although the Miao dialects display high functional intelligibility among each other, there are significant differences both in pronunciation and lexicon which have not been previously researched. This paper describes and categorises these differences, concluding that the eleven dialects which are considered can be grouped into four broad dialect clusters, each sharing common phonological and lexical characteristics.