Comanche Dictionary and Grammar

Wistrand-Robinson, Lila and James Armagost

This Comanche dictionary is based on research drawn from the files of the late Eliot Canonge which he initiated in the early 1940s under the auspices of SIL International. Dr. Robinson has rescued and enhanced this important body of data which spans traditional and contemporary varieties of Comanche speech styles and four geographically identifiable dialects. The Comanche-English section of the work, with over 5,500 entries, constitutes the central portion of the dictionary, but an English-Comanche section indexes Comanche entries to aid in locating Comanche forms from the point of view of their English equivalents. In turn, Dr. Armagost’s provision of an introductory exploration of Comanche morphology and syntax further enhances this volume as an important contribution to our knowledge of this branch of the Uto-Aztecan family of languages.

This second edition has been improved for user-friendliness, especially in the English-Comanche section, making it much easier to find a Comanche equivalent of an English term.

About the Authors

Lila Wistrand-Robinson has a Ph.D. from the University of Texas, Austin and served several years with SIL International in Peru. Her research was published in the book, Cashibo Folklore and Culture: Prose, Poetry, and Historical Background (SIL International Publications, 1998). She has also published an Iowa/Otoe–English dictionary and taught Linguistics and Anthropology at Kansas State University.

James Armagost has a Ph.D. in Linguistics from the University of Washington. He has taught Comanche and other subjects at Kansas State University until retiring in 2001. He is the author of multiple papers on Comanche.

Table of Contents:


Part I Comanche-English Dictionary

Guide to Pronunciation
Appendix A: Fauna
Appendix B: Flora
Appendix C: Body parts
Appendix D: Months of the year
Appendix E: Personal names

Part II English-Comanche Lexicon

Part III Grammar

  1. Phonology
  2. 1.1 Consonants
    1.2 Vowels
    1.3 Stress rules

  3. The simple sentence
  4. 2.1 Declarative mood
    2.2 Nonverbal sentences
    2.3 Intransitive sentences
    2.4 Transitive sentences
    2.5 HAVE sentences
    2.6 DO sentences

  5. Interrogative mood
  6. 3.1 Yes/No questions
    3.2 Alternative questions
    3.3 Information questions

  7. Imperative mood
  8. 4.1 Positive imperative
    4.2 Hortatory

  9. Polarity
  10. 5.1 Affirmation
    5.2 Negation

  11. Other modality
  12. Nondistinct argument phenomena
  13. 7.1 Unspecified subject
    7.2 Unspecified object
    7.3 Reflexive/Passive
    7.4 Reciprocal

  14. Derivational morphology
  15. 8.1 Noun morphology
    8.2 Verb morphology
    8.3 Adjective morphology

  16. Noun inflection
  17. 9.1 Absolutive
    9.2 Dual and plural pumber
    9.3 Accusative
    9.4 Genitive
    9.5 Vocative

  18. Postpositions
  19. 10.1 Locative
    10.2 Allative
    10.3 Instrumental
    10.4 Partitive
    10.5 Miscellaneous
    10.6 Ordering

  20. Noun modifiers
  21. 11.1 Demonstrative adjectives
    11.2 Nonnumeric quantifiers
    11.3 Numerals

  22. Pronouns
  23. 12.1 Nominative pronouns
    12.2 Accusative pronouns
    12.3 Genitive pronouns
    12.4 Coreferential pronouns

  24. Verbs
  25. 13.1 Stems
    13.2 Instrumental prefixes
    13.3 Temporal prefixes
    13.4 Number agreement
    13.5 Causative/Benefactive
    13.6 Motion
    13.7 Aspect

  26. Adverbs
  27. 14.1 Temporal adverbs
    14.2 Locative adverbs
    14.3 Directional adverbs
    14.4 Demonstrative adverbs

  28. Complex sentences
  29. 15.1 Coordination
    15.2 Complement clauses
    15.3 Relative clauses


Retail Price:
Second Edition
xviii, 397 pages
ISBN 13:
6 × 9 × 0.82 in
1.3 lb
United States
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