A Brief Grammar of the Dirayta Language

This brief grammar was developed and written during a work-shop held in December 2009 in Arba Minch. The purpose of this book is to make the Dirasha community aware of the wealth and variation it inherited with the Dirayta language. The language possesses an intricate system of forms and rules, which all speakers use in their daily lives, often without being consciously aware of them. Many of these forms and rules are presented in this little book. It also needs to be pointed out that the purpose of this book is not to present a full and comprehensive description of the Dirayta language. This would be beyond the scope of this work, and it would require a different approach to the language. Many forms of the Dirayta language are not even mentioned in here, and some areas of the Dirayta grammar have been omitted from this work. Also this book attempts to use terminology which is understandable by a wide audience. The hope is even that it can be translated into the Dirayta language to make it fully accessible to all Dirayta speakers. Therefore this book will dis-appoint everybody who wants to see a description of Dirayta according to the latest linguistic models and terminology.
iv, 46 pages
Table of Contents:
Table of Contents 0 Preface 1 1 Introduction 2 1.1 Orthography 3 1.2 Outline 4 1.3 Part of speech 6 1.4 Agreement 7 1.5 Focus structure of the Dirayta sentence 7 2 Noun 8 2.1 Gender 8 2.2 Number 9 3 Modifying the noun phrase 12 3.1 Definite and indefinite 12 3.2 Demonstratives 13 3.3 Numerals 14 3.4 Adjectives 16 3.5 Plural Marking on Adjectives 16 3.6 Gender Marking on Adjectives 17 3.7 The order of elements in a noun phrase 17 4 Pronouns and Possessives 18 4.1 Pronouns 18 4.2 Possessive Pronouns 19 4.3 Possessive Nouns 20 5 Subjects and Predicates 22 5.1 Subjects 22 5.2 Predicates 22 6 Verbs 25 6.1 Person marking on the verb 25 6.2 Tense marking on the verb 26 6.3 Positive and negative sentences 28 7 Transitive Verbs 30 7.1 Transitive and Intransitive Verbs 30 iv 8 Non Final Verbs and Verbal Derivations 32 8.1 Non-Final Verbs 32 8.2 Verbal Derivation 33 9 Other ways to use noun phrases: semantic roles. Adverbs. 38 9.2 Local Adverbs 42 9.3 Temporal Adverbs 42 9.4 Modal adverbs, Manner adverbs 43 10 Story: The North Wind and the Sun 44
Subject Languages:
Content Language:
Nature of Work: