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This study has a number of goals: (1) to determine lexical similarity between the “Dewali” Bhil, the
“Mathwadi” Bhil, and the Pauras, and then between these and Marathi and Hindi; (2) to investigate
intelligibility both between the dialects within and adjacent to the northern part of Dhule District; (3) to
investigate bilingualism among the Bhil communities of northern Dhule; and (4) to investigate the
different languages used by Bhillis in daily living and to investigate the attitudes and preferences that
they exhibit toward different languages in these situations.
The Bhilli languages of Northern Dhule were found to be in three distinct divisions. Vasave,
Bhilori, and Pauri are mutually unintelligible with one another, and in need of their own
specific development. Bhilli languages are demonstrated to be used in most domains of life by all
generations of the Bhil community with no indication that they will cease to be used in the foreseeable
future. Further, the overwhelming majority of the Bhil population is not sufficiently bilingual to read and
use another language.