On the Adequacy of Hawai'i Creole English

Statement of Responsibility:
Stanwood, Ryo E.
Issue Date:

Low prestige, non-standard speech varieties have been stigmatized by some psychologists and educators as a cognitive handicap responsible for the poor academic performance of minority children. This study investigates whether a particular non-standard variety, Hawai‛i Creole English (HCE), is equal to “real” languages (such as Standard English) in its expressive capacity. The Natural Semantic Metalanguage (NSM) specification is the only explicit hypothesis about the expressive apparatus underlying all natural languages. It therefore offers us the only empirical means to carry out our investigation. This investigation argues in exhaustive detail that all the primitives and all the primitive combinations of the NSM specification are present in HCE.

364 pages
Natural Semantic Metalanguage
Language attitudes
Hawaii Creole English
Creole languages
Code switching
United States
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SIL e-Books 61