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This write-up is a descriptive phonology and grammar of Luang, an Austronesian language spoken in the Maluku province of Indonesia. To date there has been very little written about this language. This description is quite comprehensive, dealing with many issues at all levels of language. It is meant to be primarily descriptive rather than attempting to support or argue any theoretical model.
This write-up begins with a phonological description of the Luang language. After that Luang’s grammatical features are discussed beginning with morphology and word classes, then on to Luang phrases, clauses, sentences, and finally discourse pragmatics in Luang.
Some interesting aspects of the Luang language include the great amount of morphophonemic processes that occur within words and across word boundaries, making writing the language incredibly complex. Although these morphophonemic processes are phonologically driven, they also occur more frequently in information which is already known or understood, or at peak points of discourse, as opposed to when new information is presented. Luang is a language rich in vocabulary as seen by its rich use of colorful and creative word pairs, particularly in ritual speech. Forty conjunctions are used to indicate clear and natural logical relations between clauses or sentences in Luang. This language feature is very different from related languages in Indonesia many using far fewer conjunctions.
This description covers a comprehensive range of topics of the language. Although individual topics are briefly discussed, there are over 1000 language examples and four full texts.