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In 1992 a team of researchers made a trip to Gao, Mali. Their goal was to gain some preliminary knowledge of three languages spoken there: Tamasheq [taq], Songhoy [ses] and Tadaksahak (Dausahaq)[dsq]. We are making this report available at this late date because historical data can be quite valuable as it provides a basis for a longitudinal analysis and helps us understand both the trajectory and pace of change as compared with more recent studies.
After the survey trip to Gao, language development began in all three languages. Mahamad AgAlmaki now leads a team working in Tadaksahak and has provided, with the help of others, a September 2014 update on the development and scholarly activity in these languages since 1992 (see Appendice C).
As a critique of the original survey, Niels Christiansen, one of the original authors of the survey report, writes concerning conclusions on the three languages that he “does not think that anything we concluded then (20 years ago) has proven wrong.”