Communities developing resources and competencies for using their languages
Foundational understanding for language development work of all kinds
Publications, fonts and computer tools for language development, translation and research
SIL offers training in disciplines relevant to sustainable language development.
7,099 languages are spoken or signed. CLICK for map of world languages & regional websites.
SIL's dedication to language development past and present
The Carapana language is principally spoken in the Department of the Vaupés, S.E. Colombia. It is one of four languages, viz., Carapana, Tatuyo, Wáimajã, and Yurutí (CTWY), utilizing a prefix unique to the twenty or so members of the TUCANOAN language family. In this paper the function of the morpheme KA- of Carapana is presented in its various environments, compared with the KA- of "sister" languages Tatuyo, Wáimajã and Yurutí and a unified definition presented. CTWY KA- is then compared to a similar morpheme in several ARAWAKAN languages in historically areal contact with CTWY, and a hypothesis of borrowing across language family lines proposed. Lastly, the author postulates how prefix KA-[and/or (a) more widespread form(s) of KA] may have influenced TUCANOAN languages as a whole.