Communities developing resources and competencies for using their languages
Foundational understanding for language development work of all kinds
Publications, fonts and computer tools for language development, translation and research
SIL offers training in disciplines relevant to sustainable language development.
7,099 languages are spoken or signed. CLICK for map of world languages & regional websites.
SIL's dedication to language development past and present
Describes the speech behavior of the Western Subanon people (southwestern Mindanao, Philippines) in formal situations such as ceremonies or litigation.
Makes a distinction between the study of language as an autonomous entity and studies of language used in cultural contexts. Assumes that linguistic structure, social structure, and linguistic behavior within the social context is patterned and systematic. Discusses formal situation, interchange dynamics, and patterns of poetry. Includes five texts with gloss and free translation.
William Hall received a BA at Seattle Pacific University in 1962 and a Ph.D. at the University of Pennsylvania in 1983.
Abbreviations and Symbols
Appendix A – the mongimunag Event Text
Appendix B – The Feast of dakul Event Text
Appendix C – The mogogoka´oy Event Text
Appendix D – The Confrontation Event Text
Appendix E – A Polite Formal Request Text